In Virginia, the Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) leads the development of studies and plans to restore and maintain water quality in Virginia Waterways.  Streams that are identified as impaired are targeted for special studies that will allow the impaired streams to meet water quality standards in the future.  These plans are called Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) studies.

Developing a strategy to restore identified substandard or “dirty” streams to required water quality standards begins with the development of the TMDL study.  A TMDL is a numerical measure of a particular pollutant load a water body can hold and still meet water quality standards.  After a TMDL has been developed, a strategy to meet the TMDL is developed.

A TMDL Implementation Plan (IP) is a summation of activities or actions that over time will assist in meeting water quality standards.  Implementation Plans  present a menu of activities, commonly known as Best Management Practices (BMPs) such as reducing livestock access to streams that when implemented will reduce pollutant loads; an overview of local stakeholders to imlement BMPs; a timeline to measure success, and lastly an estimated program implementation cost estimate. 

TMDLs and TMDL Implementation Plans are developed through an extensive public outreach and stakeholder coalition process that include local citizens, farmers, local government officials and staff, and local and state agencies.

Current TMDL Project

E.coli Total Maximum Daily Load Development for the James River Basin - Lynchburg Area

The Virginia Department of Environmental Quality, with assistance from Region 2000 Local Government Council and area stakeholders, in 2014 will lead a TMDL study to address E.coli bacteria impairments, within a number of local streams. The TMDL will develop the amount of a pollutant that a stream can hold and still meet water quality standard.

A firm from Blacksburg, Virginia, MapTech Incorporated, has been hired to perform the necessary hydrologic modeling and watershed analysis and guide the participation of local stakeholders in developing the TMDL study.

The TMDL addresses impairments in the following streams segments which collectively drain from portions of Amherst, Bedford, and Campbell Counties and the entire City of Lynchburg. 10.53 miles of James River, 20.8 miles of Ivy Creek, 5.89 miles of Tomahawk Creek, 6.89 miles of Burton Creek, 10.54 miles of Judith Creek, 5.44 miles Fishing Creek, 10.3 miles of Blackwater Creek, 8.5 miles Beaver Creek, 7.72 miles of Harris Creek, 4.69 miles of Dreaming Creek, 3.04 miles of Opossum Creek, 6.37 miles of Williams Run, 5.17 miles of Graham Creek, and 9.46 miles of the Pedlar River.

The TMDL study will be developed under the leadership of a Technical Advisory Committee and will be developed through an extensive public outreach and stakeholder coalition process.

We encourage you to visit this site regularly to receive project updates. 

Lynchburg Area TMDL Technical Advisory Committee(TAC)

Summaries of Project Meetings

Project Presentations

Past TMDL Projects

The Local Government Council has worked with the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) and the Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation (DCR) in the development of a number of Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) studies and TMDL Implementation Plans (IP) to develop actions to assist identified impaired or “dirty” streams to meet Federal and State water quality standards.  The affected streams were identified on Virginia’s 303(D) list of impaired waters as impaired due to violations of Virginia’s water quality standards.

Links for Additional Information



Paula Nash

Virginia Department of Environmental Quality
TMDL Coordinator
7705 Timberlake Rd
Lynchburg, VA 24502

Phone: 434-582-6216


Kelly Hitchcock
Region 2000 Local Government Council
Senior Planner
828 Main Street, 12th Floor
Lynchburg, VA 24505

Phone: 434-845-5678 ext. 218


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